It is the second largest city and the last Royal Capital of Myanmar. Many historical buildings and attraction sights, temples and pagodas, exist within and around the town. This is also a center for silk and cotton weaving. The Maha Muni Pagoda whose image was said to be given by Buddha himself is considered the second most important pilgrimage Myanmar people make. Mandalay Hill, 230 metres in elevation, command a superb view of the city, the palace the moat and surrounding country side. Visitors should not miss the “World’s Biggest Book” or Khuthodaw Pagoda which was build 729 marble slabs inscribed with the Tipitaka text (The Three Basket of the Buddhist Pali Canon). Mandalay is located at the central of Myanmar which geographically leads the city to become the economic hub of Upper Myanmar and considered the center of Myanmar culture. Mandalay is surrounded by its ancient neighboring cities as Mingun, Sagaing, Innwa(Ava) and Amarapura.

Mingun, located about 11 km upriver from Mandalay on the western bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River, is a town well known for its 90 ton Mingun Bell, the largest ringing bell in the world. There are also mammoth unfinished Mingun Pagoda, Settawya Pagoda and Hsin Byume Pagoda.